More than 28.4 per cent of all women aged 15 to 49 years experienced one form of intimate partner violence in 2021, latest figures by the Ghana Statistical Service (GSS) on domestic violence has indicated.
According to the Service, although trends in physical, emotional and sexual violence has seen a marginal decrease from 2008 to 2022 (33.6 to 28.4 per cent), proactive actions ought to be taken to further reduce the occurrence across the country.
Per findings of the 2022 Ghana Demographic and Health Survey (GDHS) released by the Service in Accra on Thursday, while emotional and physical violence against women decreased from 29.6 to 25.5 per cent and 17.3 per cent to 9.8 per cent respectively, sexual violence has increased by 1.1 per cent between 2008 and 2022.
The report shows that women aged 40 to 49 years (27.8 per cent) suffered the highest form of emotional abuse while those between 15 to 19 years (7.6 per cent) were the most sexually abused by their partners.
On a regional level, the Ahafo Region had the most incidence of all forms of abuse against women at 38.5 per cent with the Volta, Western and Western North Regions following suit respectively.
The report further established that 3.3 per cent of women aged 20-24 years were married or in union by age 15 with 16.1 per cent in same situation by their 18th birthday.
This is below the country’s national strategic framework target to endor reduce child marriage by
4 per cent by 2024 for 15 year olds and by 17 per cent for 18 years respectively.
Government Statistician, Professor Samuel Annim, in a remark on the release of the data, said Ghana would have to accelerate efforts and investment at reducing domestic violence to achieve goal five of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).
He mentioned other SDGs including two, three and 17 where Ghana would have to pay critical attention in order to attain its targets by 2030.
The 2022 GDHS is the seventh in series of surveys conducted across the country since 1988, to provide data for monitoring Ghana’s population and health situation.
Conducted by the GSS, in collaboration with Ministry of Health, GHS and other stakeholders with funding from United States Agency for International Development (USAID), the data collected by the survey supports the design, implementation, monitoring, and evaluation of policies and programmes to improve population health and wellbeing, reproductive, maternal and child health indicators in the country.
A nationally representative sample of 15,014 women aged 15 to 49 from 17,933 households, as well as 7,044 men aged 15 to 49 from half of the selected households, were interviewed.
The survey represents a response rate of 98 per cent of women and 97 per cent of men.
Source: The Ghanaian Times
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